Birthstones: Complete Overview

What is a birthstone and what birthstones should I be wearing? Maybe these are questions you have asked yourself.

You can find the answers to all questions you’ve ever had about birthstones below.

If you are interested in the powers and meanings attributed to birthstones take a look at this article: Birthstone Meanings

Birthstones by Month:

January birthstone garnetFebruary birthstone amethystMarch birthstone aquamarineApril birthstone diamond

May birthstone emeraldJune birthstone the pearlJune birthstone rubyAugust birthstone peridot

September birthstone blue sapphireOctober birthstone opalNovember birthstone topazDecember birthstone tanzanite

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Traditional Birthstones by Month:

Traditional birthstones are the birthstones that were used before 1912, when the modern system of birthstones was introduced. These birthstones are a great alternative if you dislike your modern birthstone or when they are simply too expensive.

 January Garnet
February Amethyst, Hyacinth (Zircon), Pearl
March Bloodstone, Jasper
April DiamondBlue sapphire
May Emerald, Agate
JuneCat’s Eye, Turquoise, Agate
July Turquoise, Onyx
AugustSardonyx, Carnelian, Moonstone, Topaz
September Chrysolite (Peridot)
October Opal, Aquamarine
November Topaz, Pearl
 December Bloodstone, Ruby


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Zodiac Birthstones by Sign

Sign DateGemstone
Aquarius January 21 – February 19 Garnet
PiscesFebruary 20 – March 20 Amethyst
AriesMarch 21 – April 20 Bloodstone
Taurus April 21 – May 20 Sapphire
Gemini May 21 – June 21 Agate
Cancer June 22 – July 22 Emerald
Leo July 23 – August 23 Onyx
Virgo August 24 – September 23 Carnelian
Libra September 24 – October 23 Peridot
Scorpio October 24 – November 22 Beryl
Sagittarius November 23 – December 21 Topaz
Capricorn December 22 – January 20 Ruby


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Birthstone Colors by Month:

The list of birthstone colors by month seen below will make it easier to find a replacement for any birthstone. Perhaps a certain birthstone is too expensive, like diamonds and rubies. Or maybe the birthstone simply isn’t your style.

Plenty of alternatives are available though. For example diamonds can be replaced with white topaz. Rubies can be replaced with far cheaper spinels or garnets and they look just as amazing!

This allows you to switch your birthstone, while still keeping the color that people associate with those months.

 Month Gemstone(s)
 January Red
 February Purple
 March Blue
 April White (clear)
 May Green
 June White
 July Red
 August Green
 September Blue
 October Multi-color, Pink
 November Yellow
 December Blue


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The History of BirthstonesSelection of birthstones

The history of birthstones starts at the breastplate of Aaron containing 12 different gemstones.

These gemstones represented the 12 tribes of Israel. Today they are believed to have formed the basis of the traditional birthstones. Which in turn have had a large influence on the modern system of birthstones.

Though other cultures lay claim to a system of birthstones as well, leading to a varied list of traditional birthstones that one can pick from if they don’t like their modern variants.

It’s likely that they were worn by everyone originally, because it was believed that the powers that gemstones had were higher during their ‘birthstone month’. Over time this changed to birthstones having more power to people that were born in the same month.

The list of modern birthstones was introduced by the Jewelers of America in 1912, trying to standardize the growing amount of birthstones. This is currently the most widespread system for birthstones in the US and a large number of other countries.

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Should I Only Wear My Birthstone?

People often wonder if they should only wear the gemstones that are their birthstones.

The short answer is: No, feel free to wear a gemstone that is not your birthstone. It is just the traditional gemstone associated with your month.

Some people will only wear their birthstones. Others that do not like their own birthstones, because of their look or price, will wear another gemstone with the same color.

Most people however will just wear the gemstone they enjoy most. Not paying attention at all to birthstone colors, birthstone signs, etc. You will have to find out for yourself what you prefer, tradition or modernity, there is nothing wrong with either of them.

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